For a certain kind of activist, and for many people who get their news through social media (and worse, believe what they read on other people’s feeds), this is possibly the dirtiest word on the planet.
But Monsanto is actually just a symbol. An easy-to-point-to enemy that represents the terrible evil that is the genetically modified food industry. There are many other companies, and more than one government behind the scenes, involved in the same debate.
The anti GMO activists are well organized and have learned to use powerful words such as Frankenfood to use consumers’ ignorance and fear against them. This isn’t really the fault of consumers, of course. Most people won’t have the time–or, let’s be honest, the interest–to do any kind of research around genetically modified foods, so if someone says that Frankenfoods are bad for you, they will buy it hook, line and sinker.
Another thing working in the activists favor is that eco-groups such as Greenpeace are getting more and more respectable every day among intellectuals and postmodernist thinkers. A statement from one of these groups creates a feeling of legitimacy behind a claim of GMO food being bad for consumers, wildlife, biodiversity, or the planet as a whole. But mostly, and smartly, they focus their attentions on people’s self-interest and insist that GMO foods are bad for you and your family. It’s a smart strategy because while people might be concerned about biodiversity, they won’t change their behavioral patterns because of it… but tell them they will die if they eat Frankenfoods, and they’ll go out and buy organic.
Finally, there’s the perception that GMOs are mainly used by big farming consortiums. And everyone knows that big business is Evil (note capital “E”). More reason to avoid them.
So the case against GMOs is pretty clear. The question, one supposes, is what works in favor of GMOs?
Let’s take this from the least important point first and work our way up to why people who know what they’re talking about will calmly and happily eat any GMO product you put in front of them, and feed them to their families, too.
The myth that farming corporations use GMOs and local farmers don’t is silly. Local farmers are mostly using the same seed suppliers, but even if they are actually trying to avoid the corporate seed conglomerates, there’s no way to avoid genetically modified crops. You see, human beings have been modifying crops and livestock through selective breeding for thousands of years. The most basic non-GMO seed available on the planet is… not even remotely non-GMO. So one can have one’s mind at ease regarding that particular point.
The second point that doesn’t hold up at all well is that environmentalist groups are against GMOs. That must count for something, right? Well… While these groups do excellent work to create conscience around important environmental issues, they are equally often overcome by the enthusiasm of extreme factions within and will often take action before the science is completely understood… simply on general principles or because they feel it is an important issue. While one must admire their courage, this simply isn’t the right way to go about things. Greenpeace’s stance on GMO potatoes in Mexico in the late 90s and early 2000s was a clear indication of enthusiasm overruling science.
(We take the time to point out a conspiracy theory question here. We have no proof, so we present it for you to reach your own conclusions. Is it just coincidence that the European Union, many of whose governments support Greenpeace, is way behind on GMO use when compared to places like the US and Latin America? We don’t know, but tend to think it isn’t).
Finally, there is the science itself. Many different disciplines argue that GMOs are one of the best things that has ever happened to humanity, but let’s choose just two.
Mathematics is the first. And we don’t even need to go much further than the four basic operations. It’s not in doubt that crop yields have grown thanks to the modification of seed stock, and losses to parasites have been driven down. At the same time the population of the planet has also been growing steadily. If you do the math, you will be able to conclude that without GMO, a good chunk of the world is now starving. Not in countries that export food, perhaps, but how would you like to be in England without GMOs and with a new-age, enlightened and postcolonial population who won’t let you simply invade the nearest third world country and steal their crops?
For the second, let’s choose medicine. After exhaustive research, the National Academy of Sciences has concluded that there is no evidence whatsoever that genetically modified crops pose a health risk to humans. This article from the Alliance for Science gives an overview. Interestingly all the people who think otherwise, including Greenpeace, were invited to give testimony. The conclusions were unshakable.
So, in this solemn act, we hereby officially demote GMO-bashing to the level of pseudo-science. Welcome home! Take your place alongside astrology, homeopathic medicine and pop psychology!